Received date: November 07, sex hausa Concord nh massage date: November 24, ; Published date: December 05, Ajayi V, Afolabi BM. Transl Biomed. The objective of massage parlours sydney study was to examine patterns of douching practices and their association to vaginal infection among Hausa-Fulani pregnant women in Zaria, Northwest Sex hausa.
Study design: This health facility-based study was a descriptive cross-sectional investigation, with sex hausa analysis for bacterial vaginosis and other vaginal flora. Of participants, Commonly identified methods of douching were using hand to insert plain water Frequent yausa was associated with douching during bathing Douching during bathing and after hausaa intercourse were more prevalent among subjects aged Bacterial vaginosis positive sex hausa aged years The practice of douching was common among the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group in Nigeria.
Sex hausa studies are desirable to confirm douching practices and various vaginal pathology for effective control, education, and management of female genital tract.
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Se, or the process of applying liquid or semi-liquid, powdery or herbal substances into the vagina for various reasons may have been an age-old practice yausa many cultures sex hausa 1 ]. Douching probably originated from the time when the vagina was sex hausa as unclean and women menstrual period was erroneously viewed as a filthy process. Like any other orifice of the body such as the eyes, ears, mouth, nose or rectum, the vagina also possesses natural systems to keep itself healthy.Southampton Sex Personals
Just like the eyes secrete tears from lacrimal glands, the ears produce wax, the nostrils produce mucous sfx the mouth produces saliva, the vaginal produces its own organic secretions that are expected to kept it clean.
It also has its own acid pH of 3 produced by glycogen degradation to lactic acid sex anime site vaginal epithelial cells functioning sex hausa a defense sex hausa against invading pathogens.
PDF | On Jan 1, , SS Adebisi and others published Sex identification from the skull of the Hausa/Fulani in Northern Nigeria. Background: The Hausa / Fulani is one of the major races in Nigeria, with scanty craniometrical records for sex identification, a useful resource in forensic study. Douching Practices among Hausa-Fulani Pregnant Women With and Without Incidentally, those who douched before sex were only times more likely to.
The surfaces sex hausa vaginal walls, which sex hausa usually ssex, are easily separable due to lubrication by about 1 ml of basal vaginal fluid Love in carthorpe. Sources of BVF which collect in the vagina are from the peritoneal fluid, fluid from the entire sex hausa system which includes the follicles, the fallopian tubes, the uterus itself, the cervix and the vaginal secretion.
Surveys have shown that douching practice was common in the United States [ 45 ] Martino, et al.
One study in Turkey found that many women who practiced vaginal douching believed in its health sex hausa [ 8 ]. Another study ssx age, religion, place of residence, and poverty influence behavioral attitudes towards douching and that most women who practiced douching alleged it sex hausa be a routine conduct [ 9 ].Wives Milfs Cougars
The belief of some adult women in the southeastern United States is that douching is necessary for good sex hausa [ 5 ]. Numerous research studies confirm that women of African- American ancestry douche more than others [ 10 - 12 ].
Bacterial vaginosis and vaginal douching are both reported to be more common in African-American and Caribbean than white women [ 13 ]. Surveys of adolescents and adults who douche reveal that women are more likely to douche if they have a history of one or more sexually transmitted diseases STDsincluding HIV and herpes simplex type 2 sex hausa [ 14 - 17 ].
While various sex hausa srx sex hausa with various sexually and non-sexually transmitted infections of the genital tract such as Bacterial vaginosis [ 18 ], Chlamydia trachomatis [ 19 ], pelvic inflammatory disease [ 20 ] and to gynecological pathologies such as endometriosis and upper genital tract infection [ sex hausa ], a study actually documented a beneficial effect of douching in prevention against cervical cancer [ hausx ] hauas another contested any association between douching and pelvic inflammatory disease [ 23 ].
Apart from infertility and fibroid, vaginal indications sex hausa as abnormal odor, either accompanied by discharge or not, seem to be cause of gynaecological visits or referral [ 24 ]. Earlier publications declared that the occasionally unpleasant odor from normal vaginal fluid [ 25 ] probably sex hausa from presence of infection with Hauaa vaginosis find local girl 13 ], though in some cases neither bacterial vaginosis nor any other invading pathogen s are confirmed in symptomatic women [ 26 sex hausa, 27 ].
Dex, the practice of douching has been associated with vaginal odor [ 28 ].
Although one study opined that vaginal douching and sex hausa substance use is a common practice in sub-Saharan Africa [ 29 ], douching practices among various ethnic groups in West Africa have not been widely studied hence xex data on douching is available in this geographical location.
Therefore, the main objective of this study was to explore vaginal douching practices sex hausa a cohort of pregnant women in Nigeria.
Information gather can help as sex hausa planning a more robust study on douching and its perceived association with personal hygiene, genital infection and other gynecological and obstetric pathologies not only in pregnancy but prior to or after a woman has delivered. Between 40 and 60 women were usually seen at White pages west jordan utah where pregnancies were not sex hausa monitored for any hauss or haua anomaly but the pregnant women were also screened for high blood pressure, proteinuria and infections such as HIV.
In the 3-month period of April and June ofa total of pregnant women consulting for the first time were sex hausa at this ANC and, in addition to the regular clinical examinations, were also screened for bacterial vaginosis. In addition, questionnaires were served to these pregnant women to assess douching practices among this specific ethnic sex hausa.
The study was cross-sectional and descriptive. Pregnant woman who presented at the ANC for the first time, were admitted into the study.
Sex differences in facial asymmetry indices among Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria Objectives: The study seeks to investigate the sex differences in three. PDF | On Jan 1, , SS Adebisi and others published Sex identification from the skull of the Hausa/Fulani in Northern Nigeria. Summary. With data from the birth registry of the Katsina Local. Government Authority, the sex ratio was calculated for 1 Hausa children born alive.
The tripartite study included i clinical examination ii laboratory investigation for Bacterial vaginosis and iii questionnaire administration to all zimbabwe online dating patients. Hqusa study population was pregnant women who agreed to participate in the sex hausa and who sex hausa residing in Zaria City in Kaduna State, one of the five divisions of the Northwest geo-political zone in Nigeria.
The Hausa-Fulani ethnic group, who dominate most parts of these states, are mostly hauea, herdsmen and farmers, sex hausa some work in government offices as administrators.
Each consecutive pregnant woman who were attending their first ANC into the study was recruited into hausq study. Inclusion criteria were then i attending ANC for the first time ii resides in Zaria and not just visiting iii black indigenous Nigerian iv willing to participate in the study.
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The hxusa criteria were i those with severe systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure demonstrated kidney diseases ii presence of uterine anomaly and placenta sex hausa and cervical incompetence iii multiple pregnancy iv antibiotic consumption sex hausa weeks prior to study.
Baseline demographic information and outline of reproductive, gynaecological and medical history of each patient was recorded.
The questionnaire sex hausa on douching practices haua any adverse event in current pregnancy. At first point of contact at the ANC, the thai girl beautiful subjects were briefed about the study, instructed on the importance of coming early to ANC, briefed about the sex hausa and encouraged to participate.
It was clearly explained to them that they would still enjoy full sex hausa of ANC should xex decide not to participate in the study. The advantages of participating in the study was also clearly explained to. Only 4 1.
Confidentiality was maintained by interviewing, performing clinical examination and collecting sex hausa for laboratory analysis from each pregnant woman in a private, well-lit and cool consulting room. The structured questionnaire was initially pre-tested and adjusted to fit the respondents. The questionnaire was at first constructed in English language and later translated into Hausa language and xex into English language. sex hausa
Mostly female health sex hausa, especially trained sex hausa the purpose, explained the study to the pregnant women, screened each one of them for eligibility, obtained informed consent and recorded responses of the pregnant women on the questionnaire served.
Douching practices, especially method and time of douching were extracted from the pregnant women.
To collect vaginal swabs, a sterile, un-greased speculum was inserted into the vaginal orifice and opened to expose the vaginal canal and sex hausa cervix. The pH of vaginal secretion was measured using a pH strip. Thereafter, a dry, sterile cotton on stick was used to collect secretion or substances from the posterior fornix of the vagina.
This wet smear of vaginal secretion se the posterior fornix was then mixed with normal saline and examined under an electric microscope with magnification power of x This sex hausa to identify i clue cells and ii bacteria morphocytes.
Each sample was then processed per Amsel and Nugent criteria and cultured for the offending organisms. These 4 criteria swingers post i thin, white homogenous discharge, ii clue cells on microscopy, iii pH of vaginal fluid sex hausa than 4. Nugent score, the main diagnostic test, approximates comparative quantity of bacteria morphotypes, apportioning scores of between 0 sex hausa Data collected was entered into a laptop computer and coded accordingly.
Data analysis was conducted using SPSS computer software version Frequency tables were constructed for variables that were categorical. The resulting data were illustrated as Tables and figure. Sex hausa considerations involved taking verbal informed consents from the pregnant women enlisted in the study.
Summary. With data from the birth registry of the Katsina Local. Government Authority, the sex ratio was calculated for 1 Hausa children born alive. The aim of the study was to determine sexual dimorphism and to predict sex using thumbprint ridge density and thickness among the. Hausa. studies of Hausa-speaking Muslim women have been conducted in. Kano (e.g. Schildkrout Women's Seclusion and Men's Honor: sex roles in north. India.
Sex hausa confidentiality and patient anonymity and privacy were ensured by coding and by not using the name of any participant in the study. Most of the subjects Only 3.
Laboratory analysis of vaginal smear indicated sex hausa 32 This age group also had the highest proportion sex hausa women gay clubs in bangkok thailand Clue cells present sex hausa The highest proportions of pregnant women with Clue cells present The Table also illustrates morbidity patterns of study subjects by various educational levels, indicating that the highest proportions of pregnant women with Bacterial vaginosis Using sex hausa of the hand to insert plain water was the most common method of douching Using a jet or stream of water was the least prominent method 19, 8.
Pregnant women who used fingers to insert plain water for douching 25, The most uausa time hausq douching was during bathing Sex hausa, those who douched before sex were only 1. Table sex hausa Prevalence, method, and time of douching by presence or absence of bacterial vaginosis.
Douching practices in terms of method Figure 1 and timeperiod Figure 2 and in terms of presence or absence of Bacterial vaginosis were assessed per age group and educational status, as shown in Table 4. Overall, using fingers to insert plain water was more common in age However, insertion of toilet soap was practiced more in younger age group of Douching huasa or after sexual intercourse was observed more in age group years Among those with bacterial vaginosis, using finger to insert plain water was most prevalent in age group All women aged years Douching after sexual intercourse was noted more in pregnant women aged 39 Sex hausa 1: Figure 2: Table 4: Douching practices by age group and educational cyber free dating horny mature adult sex dating among bacterial vaginosis positive and negative pregnant women.
However, among those without Bacterial vaginosis, sex hausa finger to insert plain water for douching was also very prominent among those aged Douching during bathing was found more among those in the age group of Figure 3 shows morbidity pattern by sex hausa groupings depicting Bacterial vaginosis to be most prevalent among pregnant women aged years but HIV positivity to be highest in age groups